Dedicated Server: Description and Information
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Web hosting includes several different varieties, each offering their own strengths and weaknesses. One of the more commonly used kinds of web hosting is a dedicated server. As the words imply, a dedicated server is a web hosting wherein the client leases out an entire server, which cannot be shared by anyone else.
Unlike another frequently used form of web hosting - shared hosting, a dedicated server is considered more flexible since clients control every aspect of the server including the hardware and operating system that will be used. The hosting company can also provide server administration to their clients as an add-on service.
Another advantage of a dedicated server compared to other types of web hosting is in some instances, it brings a larger return of investment with less overhead.
As stated earlier, clients or organizations are in full control of the operating system used in their dedicated servers. The choice of operating system to be used is usually determined by its price, availability and the client's familiarity with the system.
Some operating systems commonly used in a dedicated server include Linux and its iterations, Microsoft Windows Server, Fedora Core and Debian. Linux is an open-source operating system, which means it is provided free to the customer. Red Hat Enterprise is a variation of Linux. It is a commercial version offered to hosting providers with a monthly fee. License fees are a requirement for Microsoft products since these are commercial versions.
Web hosting server providers manage the services they provide in different ways. Management support in a dedicated server web hosting includes the following; Fully Managed, Managed, Self Managed and Unmanaged.
Fully Managed means customers take a completely hands off approach since the web hosting provider does all the management for them.
Managed on the other hand differs since this requires clients to perform specific management jobs themselves. Self-Managed includes some maintenance and frequent monitoring and the clients do most of the tasks and operations. Lastly, Unmanaged requires the customers to perform all management tasks.
Dedicated server providers usually include several limitations to their clients. For example, a lot of providers do not allow IRC as rogue IRC users may trigger DDoS attacks against them. This can bring down service quality to their customers as DDoS attacks may overwhelm their networks. Other limitations include prohibition of Spam and adult content as these can consume large amounts of bandwidth.
Dedicated servers may also include several useful features, although these may require additional monthly fees. Some of these are Serial Console, Automated restore of OS, Remote Backup Space, ColdFusion, SQL server and Oracle.
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